Вариант 1 (Время выполнения: 15 минут)
Прочитай текст и выполни задание.
ON THE BUSES
Omnibuses were introduced in London in 1829. These carriages were pulled by horses, and, because there were no bus-stops, they stopped wherever you wanted them to – even on the other side of the road. At first they carried 12 people who sat inside; but later the seats were put on the roof and the first double-decker buses were created. The stairs to the top deck and the deck itself were protected from the wind and the rain. The basic design remained the same even when buses became motorised. The faults in the design became obvious and caused a public scandal when, in 1906, a bus lost control going downhill – ten people were swept off the deck by overhanging trees and killed.
However buses were not allowed to have roofs because of extra weight. Before ‘London transport’ was formed in 1933 to organize all the buses as well as underground trains, there were many private bus companies. Each company had a different colour for its buses which also helped the public to know where it was going. Nowadays all London buses are red except the single-decker green buses which go out into the country. In 1951 many old buses were sold abroad – especially to Yugoslavia.
Since then buses have been modernized in many ways. The main improvement is that they are lower and have roofs (though it’s impossible for a tall man to stand upstairs). The old open double-deckers are used as tourist attractions.
There is a very strict training course for all new drivers. Before they are allowed to drive through London they have to be able to control a bus on a dangerous track which simulates all the worst conditions.
At this moment it is still very unusual for women to drive buses. A woman was employed as a bus driver in London for the first time in June 1974. The passengers reported she was a ‘wonderful driver’. Now the London bus service needs drivers badly.
I. В каждом задании (1–5) обведи букву (a, b или c), соответствующую выбранному тобой варианту ответа. Занеси ответы в таблицу.
1. The first omnibuses…
a) stopped at special bus-stops.
b) were pulled by 12 horses.
c) stopped wherever you wanted them to.
2. London buses were…
a) motorised in 1906.
b) not allowed to have roofs at the beginning of the 20th century.
c) the only means of transport in London at the beginning of the 20th century.
3. By 1933 all double-deckers…
a) had got roofs.
b) had been run by one big company.
c) had been of different colours.
4. Nowadays all London buses are…
b) bought in Yugoslavia.
c) used as a tourist attraction.
5. At the moment…
a) women are not allowed to drive buses.
b) there is a very strict driving course for new drivers.
c) open double-deckers are not used even for tourists.
II. Расположи предложения в соответствии с содержанием текста.
a) Seats were put on the roof and the first double-decker buses were created.
b) Buses became lower and got roofs.
c) Omnibuses were pulled by horses.
d) Buses of different colours were organized by several companies.
e) Many old buses were sold abroad.
Key: I. 1. b, 2. b, 3. c, 4. a, 5. b; II. 1. c, 2. a, 3. d, 4. e, 5. b
Вариант 2 (Время выполнения: 20 минут)
I. Прочитай тексты и установи соответствие между тематическими рубриками (А–G) и текстами (1–6). Каждая рубрика соответствует только одному тексту, при этом одна из них лишняя. Занеси ответы в таблицу.
A. Somebody else’s problems
B. Packing things
C. Planning the holiday
D. At the airport
E. Wonderful time
F. Difficult choice
G. At a hotel
1. Somewhere around February it begins. The drizzle is coming down outside and the kids are bored on a Saturday afternoon. It’s usually then that my husband decides it is time to plan our summer holiday. Out come the brochures and the discussion begins.
2. It’s not that we’re an argumentative family, but it seems that where we are to spend two weeks in the summer relaxing brings out the worst in us. Before too long, we’re all insisting on places and refusing others, the volume steadily increasing. My daughter discovers a lifelong ambition to go to India. Funny how she never mentioned it before. My son isn’t going anywhere unless he can bring his dog and my husband doesn’t mind where he goes as long as it’s within five miles of a golf course.
3. As usual, it’s left to someone, and guess who, to find somewhere that everybody is willing to accept (the dog goes to the neighbours, though). This can take some weeks of persuading, reminding and convincing on my part, but usually there’s a solution. Then it’s time to plan the packing. It seems that everybody else believes that it can be done half an hour before we leave for the airport. My husband lays out things he wants to take and I put them back when he’s not looking and get out the real holiday clothes. My daughter wants to take everything she owns. Each item she has to put back is the subject of another argument.
4. Finally the day arrives and we get to the airport in plenty of time. This happens because I start shouting five hours earlier that we are going in ten minutes, ready or not. Once at the airport, we check in. It sounds simple enough, but airports are full of people running around who don’t know where to go. Not surprising since we only do it once a year and we’ve forgotten where we went last time. We find the right desk, get rid of the bags and go through to the departure lounge.
5. Somewhere around here I can finally think about relaxing. Nervous wondering about planes is not for me. Everything is somebody else’s problem. If there’s something wrong with the plane, the pilot can worry about it. If a passenger has a heart attack, the stewards can worry about it.
6. And so begin two weeks of relaxation. I learned long ago that the only way to do it is to stop being called “Mum”. For those two weeks, whenever I hear the word I look around as if it refers to someone else. I ignore any question that begins with “Where’s my...”. The funny thing is that they always find it anyway. The only thing I worry about is which book I’m going to take to the pool. My husband follows a golf ball around course, my kids do whatever kids do these days and I become myself again for a short while.
II. В каждом задании (1–4) обведи букву (a, b, c или d), соответствующую выбранному тобой варианту ответа. Занеси ответы в таблицу.
1. The writer implies that her family members…
a) find it hard to agree on anything.
b) alI have very different personalities.
c) don’t usually fight over things.
d) don’t care about each other’s feelings.
2. The writer thinks her daughter’s ambition to go to India is…
a) not as strong as she claims.
b) amusing in a girl her age.
c) strange for someone like her.
d) a secret she should have shared.
3. Why does the writer put back the clothes her husband chooses?
a) She doesn’t like what he wears.
b) He forgets to choose things for her.
c) He can’t decide what to take.
d) The clothes aren’t suitable.
4. The writer thinks she is different from some other people because she…
a) finds flying an enjoyable experience.
b) doesn’t worry about problems.
c) understands what pilots face.
d) doesn’t care about the other passengers.
Key: I. 1. c, 2. f, 3. b, 4. d, 5. a, 6. e; II. 1. a, 2. a, 3. d, 4. a
Вариант 3 (Время выполнения: 30 минут)
Прочитай текст и выполни задание.
When my Uncle Alan turned up at my thirteenth birthday party without a present, I couldn’t hide the disappointment on my face. He was my favourite uncle, and he always bought me fantastic presents.
“Don’t look so sad, Anna,” he said kindly. “I haven’t forgotten to get you a present. I just couldn’t bring it with me. Tomorrow, I’m taking you abseiling.”
“I didn’t know you had a boat,” I said.
“No, not sailing! Abseiling!”
“What’s that?” I asked. “I’ve never heard of it.”
“You’ll see,” he said mysteriously.
Early the next day, Uncle Alan drove me to Lamerton Adventure Park. I’d never been there before, but had often told my mum and dad how exciting it sounded. As we drove through the gates, it seemed that, once again, Uncle Alan had found me a birthday present I’d never forget.
When we arrived, we went to find my instructor, a friendly young woman called Isabelle. She put me completely at ease, and I knew that, whatever I was going to be doing, I’d be quite safe with her.
“So, Anna, have you ever been abseiling before?” she asked. I admitted I didn’t even know what abseiling was. “Well, it’s always fun to experience something new, isn’t it?” she said.
We walked through the park, and ended up at a rocky hill. The biggest rock face was extremely high and steep, but there were smaller, easier faces too. When I saw the equipment waiting for me – a rope, a harness and a helmet – I guessed what I was going to be doing.
“Oh, I’m going rock climbing!” I said excitedly.
“Not exactly,” said Uncle Alan.
Isabelle explained. “With rock climbing, you start at the bottom and go up, but with abseiling, you start at the top and go down.”
Now I understood.
We carried the equipment up a path to the top of the smallest rock face. I carefully looked over the edge. The ground was about five metres below. “This is going to be fun,” I thought.
Isabelle tied the rope carefully to a metal ring, and then threaded it through my harness, which by now I was wearing round my waist. She threw the other end of the rope over the edge of the rock face, and it fell to the ground.
“This is where I say goodbye,” said Uncle Alan. “I’m going back down to the bottom. I’ll be holding the other end of the rope, so you’ll be quite safe. See you when you come down!” Isabelle was the perfect instructor. She talked me through what to do step by step. I stood on the edge of the rock face with my back to the drop. My left hand was holding the rope in front of me, my right hand holding the rope behind me. “Now,” she said, “gently lean back.”
This was the most difficult part. It’s a terribly scary experience leaning back over a cliff, especially the first time you attempt it, and for the first few minutes I wondered whether I could actually do it. Finally, I decided to risk it. I didn’t want Uncle Alan thinking I was a coward. Keeping my feet still, I leant back a little. Then a little more.
“Fantastic!” shouted Uncle Alan from below me.
“That’s wonderful,” said Isabelle. “Now, slowly start to walk down the rock.”
It was more like bouncing than actual walking, but I started to go down. It didn’t take long to reach the bottom, but I felt a huge sense of achievement when I put my feet on the ground next to Uncle Alan.
“I’m so proud of you!” he said. “Do you want to try a higher rock face now?” “You bet!” I said. “The higher, the better!”
I. Верно (true) или неверно (false)?
1. Anna was disappointed with the present which Uncle Alan gave her. _____
2. Anna had never been to Lamerton Adventure Park before. _____
3. The equipment used for abseiling is similar to that used for rock climbing. _____
4. It was Anna’s first experience, and she was proud of herself. _____
5. Anna enjoyed her uncle’s present very much. ______
II. В каждом задании (1–5) обведи букву (a, b, c или d), соответствующую выбранному варианту ответа. Занеси ответы в таблицу.
1. When Uncle Alan saw Anna’s disappointment, he realised that…
a) he should have brought a present with him.
b) he really was her favourite uncle.
c) she thought he had forgotten to bring her a present.
d) he had to take her somewhere the next day.
2. Anna had frequently told her parents that…
a) Lamerton Adventure Park appealed to her.
b) she had never been abseiling before.
c) Uncle Alan’s birthday presents were unforgettable.
d) abseiling sounded like a very interesting activity.
3. Isabelle made Anna…
a) admit how little she knew about the park.
b) feel totally secure and comfortable.
c) think about previous enjoyable experiences.
d) realise that abseiling would be easy.
4. When Anna saw the equipment, she
a) understood immediately what abseiling was.
b) tried hard to guess what it would be used for.
c) asked Isabelle for an explanation.
d) still didn’t understand what she would be doing.
5. After reaching the bottom, Anna
a) thought she had achieved enough for one day.
b) wanted to abseil down a more difficult rock face.
c) made a bet with her uncle about the height of the rock.
d) felt relieved to be on the ground again with her uncle.
Key: I. true: 2, 3, 4, 5; false: 1; II. 1. c, 2. a, 3. b, 4. d, 5. b
(Из сборника “Внутришкольный контроль”, изданного НМЦ ВАО ДО г. Москвы)