Развитие навыков письменной речи с помощью диктантов
Практика работы в гимназии с углубленным изучением английского языка показала, что уделять внимание развитию навыков письменной речи в среднем звене не менее важно, чем в старших классах. При этом нельзя ограничиваться только словарными диктантами. Связный диктант – один из способов развития навыков письменной речи. Помимо закрепления изученной лексики, связный диктант способствует формированию навыков излагать свои мысли на иностранном языке, так как заставляет детей во время диктанта запоминать смысловые синтагмы, догадываться о написании незнакомых слов, используя изученные правила словообразования. Запоминая продиктованное предложение, ученик, используя свой опыт, знание правил чтения, а также правила построения английского предложения, анализирует и перерабатывает информацию, чтобы справиться с поставленной задачей. Таким образом, связные диктанты способствуют не только закреплению изученной лексики, но и развивают общие навыки письменной речи.
Предлагаю вашему вниманию подборку диктантов к учебнику И.Н. Верещагиной и О.В.Афанасьевой для 5 класса школ с углубленным изучением английского языка. Диктанты составлены к базовому курсу и не включают уроки повторения.
К уроку 6.
My little sister is very curious, she always asks a lot of questions. And she usually wants definite answers to all of them. Here are some of her endless questions. When will the Sun set? What does the sea separate? Why did the wind suddenly rise? Did the exploration of space begin in Russia? Do most people travel by plane nowadays? May I use your textbook? What is the national emblem of England? Why do some flowers smell sweet? Do you think you can climb that tree? And I have only one question. Can you answer all these?
К уроку 7.
English is the most popular language nowadays. People speak English all over the world. In Russia we learn English as a foreign language. You will be understood practically everywhere if you speak English. But though they all speak English, it is a little different in each English-speaking country. Different words often name the same things. I mean that children go to school in the fall in America but in autumn in Great Britain.
К урокам 8-9.
My native town is hidden among the mountains. They are not very high but the air is rather fresh here, much fresher than in other industrial cities. There are beautiful deep lakes around my native place. In summer when nature is in blossom, you can find different flowers with a pleasant smell. It’s nice to climb the hills and find primroses growing wild in the forests. I think everybody must help save the beauty of his native town.
К уроку 10.
It is not possible to live in two places at the same time. But I like the mild climate of England and the snowy winters of my native country. I enjoy living in the countryside where you can breathe fresh air and the busy life of big industrial cities where you can have fun visiting theatres and cinemas. I am sure that we must protect nature but it is also necessary for us to build factories and plants. So the right balance must be found not to do a lot of harm to nature and to develop industries.
К уроку 12.
The UK is a kingdom. It is an island state. It consists of four countries. Much of the land in Britain is open country. There are lonely hills, quiet rivers, deep lakes and farmlands especially in the south of the country. There are also industrial cities. Everyone in Britain speaks English, but you must listen carefully if you want to understand a Welsh person. Foreigners are surprised to see road signs in Welsh when they travel.
К уроку 13.
My brother has a permanent job. He is a lawyer. A lawyer is a person who knows much about the law. Laws tell people what they must do and what they must not do. Everybody must respect the law. If you break the law, the punishment may be very serious. People who get into trouble usually go to a respectable lawyer. Lawyers offer their help and give good advice. My brother has very good knowledge of different subjects, but he never shows off. He likes to help those who are in trouble.
К уроку 14.
My friend likes to show off. But he doesn’t have a good knowledge of the things he is boasting about. He has no sense of humour and the stories he tells us are often dull. The way he shows off can offend his classmates but he doesn’t care. He seldom, if ever, thinks about other people. I am sure when he grows up he won’t be a respectable man. Who could respect such a person?
К уроку 15.
The film was so dull that Kate left before it was over. She was careless when she was running downstairs and she fell down. She was very surprised to feel pain in her leg. She decided to go to the doctor immediately. She told the doctor that it hurt her to move. She said she was silly to run so carelessly. But it had been an especially busy day and, besides, she didn’t want to delay her visit to her Grandma. The doctor touched her leg. He worried that Kate had broken it, but nothing that serious had happened.
К уроку 16.
One day Pete felt that something was wrong with him. He had a terrible headache, a sore throat and a strong pain in his chest. It hurt him to swallow and to breathe. The doctor came very soon. He examined the boy, listened to his lungs and heart and took his temperature. It was rather high. Pete coughed and sneezed all the time. The doctor prescribed for him a good medicine for colds and told him to stay in bed. He asked Pete to take his temperature regularly. He said he would recover soon.
К уроку 17.
A lot of people suffer from different illnesses. Sometimes doctors tell them to keep to a diet. They tell them not to eat fried food and to drink only tea. Dairy products are good for sick people and children. People don’t like bitter medicines, but they drink warm milk with pleasure. Cottage cheese is very good for your health. If you don’t want to fall ill, you should eat the right food and take regular exercise.
К уроку 19.
Football is a popular global sport. It was invented and developed in England. Now there are football teams almost in every town. They compete with each other every year. International competitions and matches are held in big cities. Boating is a popular sport too. It is pleasant to go boating early in the morning. My elder brother is a sportsman. He goes in for rowing. But my favourite sport is tennis. There is a lawn in front of my house and I play tennis with my friends every Sunday.
К уроку 20.
Mr. Smith is a coach of our basketball team. Every morning we spend 2 hours training for the game. We run races and shoot balls into the basket. We follow the advice our coach gives us and receive good results in home and international competitions. My friends are excellent players. We practically always win. We seldom lose a game or end a match in a draw. The only trouble with us is our bad knowledge of different school subjects.
К уроку 21.
One day I decided to go to the supermarket to buy some food. When I came to the grocer’s, I asked him to weigh some rice and sugar for me. At the butcher’s I bought some fat pork and a piece of beef. The shop assistant wrapped the meat in paper. I paid the money and got some change. So I decided to go to a department store. I wanted to buy 3 cotton sheets and a blanket of pure wool. The price was not high. Everything together cost me 100 pounds.
Диктанты для дополнительной тренировки для 5 и 6 классов школ с углубленным изучением английского языка. Можно использовать для подготовки к школьным и городским олимпиадам.
I. Look! The children are running into the water. They are going to swim. The water is nice and warm. The boys and girls are hot. They have just stopped playing volleyball. It is always pleasant to swim in the sea when it is hot.
Some of the children are good swimmers, but Jane and Kate have just learned to swim. They have never swum so far out in the deep water before. They always swim with their friends.
II. We do not always know what weather to expect. On TV and radio there are daily weather forecasts. All day and night, weathermen are collecting information from ships, planes, weather stations, and satellites. People can forecast some types of weather.
When a barometer shows high pressure, the weather will be calm. In winter it will be cold and frosty. In summer it usually means misty mornings and hot sunny days. When the barometer shows low pressure, look out for rain and strong winds.
III. We can get a very good education at our school. Our parents are surprised at our knowledge of modern foreign languages. We learn English, French and German. Pupils can also learn Latin, though it is an ancient language. Some children are good at languages; some of them make good progress in sciences. I don’t think that there are too many pupils who are doing bad at school. Most of them are diligent and not idle.
IV. English is my best subject. Some people find the pronunciation of English difficult, but I like to learn to pronounce new words. I don’t make spelling mistakes in my dictations and I like to translate from Russian into English very much. I am fond of discussing things in English. We hold different discussions at every lesson. But I don’t like to recite poems. I have a bad memory for such things. But I am not good at Mathematics. And I don’t like numbers. I can’t add, subtract, multiply and divide well.
V. We learn to do a lot of important things at our Handicraft lessons. Girls are taught to knit and to sew. Boys are taught to repair furniture. Now I know what things I need if I want to sew. They are: a needle, thread and scissors. And the tools boys need for their work are: hammers and drills. I have learned to sew buttons onto my clothes. I also like painting. I like to paint in water colours, because it is not easy to paint in oils.
VI. Children can play sports all the year round. They like to take part in the competitions, to see who is the quickest, the strongest, the best jumper, and who is the best swimmer or player. Children of different classes hold competitions in different kinds of sports. Many boys and girls show good results. All the competitions and games are very popular with the pupils. A lot of fans always come to watch them. Sport makes us strong, healthy, cheerful and quick. It gives us many moments of joy and pleasure. Besides we always feel fine. It is good for all.
VII. Listening to music is my favoutite pastime. I can say that music is my hobby. I am good at playing the violin and the piano, while my brother enjoys playing the recorder. He is also crazy about the guitar. He began to play the guitar at the age of 12. There is never a dull moment when he comes to stay: there is always something interesting and amusing happening. Music makes us feel cheerful. Everybody is interested in the new songs my brother sings.
VIII. We live in a very beautiful region. The place we live in is surrounded by mountains and forests. Forests stretch for miles and miles in this part of the country. High mountains rise above the plain. A lot of nice lakes occupy a very large territory. You can walk long distances along the lakeshores. Green valleys are full of different plants. The nature in the mountains and valleys differs greatly. The tops of the mountains are rocky and deserted. The valleys are full of flowers and grass.
IX. Our planet is very large and beautiful. There are many continents, seas and oceans on it. Men have sailed across the oceans, discovered new lands on our planet and have explored them. In old times, voyages were hard and dangerous, but all the same, brave sailors made voyages. They reached the shores of far-off continents and islands. When the explorers returned home, they wrote about the nature of new lands, about the people who lived there and about their traditions.
X. My granny is a very kind-hearted woman. Everybody in our family loves her dearly. She is thoughtful and faithful. She is modest about her qualities. You can always tell her the truth. She will certainly keep your secrets. She never quarrels with anybody. She doesn’t like selfish people. My granny and I have much in common. I am happy that this noble woman is my granny.
XI. Some people think that household chores are dull. But I always offer to help my parents about the house. I can hang a picture on the wall. I do this job willingly. I am also fond of cooking. If I want to have a quick snack, I take a recipe book and cook delicious meals. I can quickly boil or fry eggs.