"КОНВЕНЦИЯ ООН ПО ПРАВАМ РЕБЕНКА"
11-ый класс. Цикл: Легко ли быть молодым?
Автор учебника В. П. Кузовлев.
Вид речевой деятельности: Говорение.
Цель урока: Развитие умения говорить (монологическая
1. Умение подготовить связное
высказывание по теме, владея большим
2. Умение выразить свое отношение к теме.
3. Овладение синхронным переводом.
Воспитательная цель: Воспитание
уважения к образу жизни, традициям и культуре
Развивающая цель: Формирование и развитие
учебно-интеллектуальных умений и навыков
абстрагирования, анализа, сравнения, логики.
Оборудование: Таблицы, схемы, показывающие
рост преступности среди подростков, рост
наркомании и т.д.
Teacher: I would like to start our conference with a poem of
Albert E. Kahn. Here it is:
I claim the human right to live.
I claim the human right to love.
I claim the human right to work.
I claim the right to every child to eat.
In his poem the writer proclaims the right for everybody to live happily on the Earth.
I’d like to have this poem as a motto for our conference, because it deals with the
problem of the human to have equal rights. It especially concerns children as they are
less defended by adults.
And now I’d like to introduce to you the members of the conference. They are the
representatives of the 11th grade….
They’ll help us to reveal the problem. We’ll see how large the problem is. I hope that
all together we’ll understand that nobody must be indifferent to this problem. Maybe
we’ll find some ways out.
Speaker 1: The United Nations Organization is an international organization to
which nearly all the countries in the world belong. Its head offices are in New York City.
The UN tries to make sure there is peace in the world and that all countries work together
to deal with international problems. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the
Child sets out in a number of statements called articles, the rights which all children
and young people up to the age of 18 should have. The rights should apply to young people
everywhere whether they live in rich or poor countries.
Russia agreed to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.
Speaker 2: Nowadays more and more social problems are associated with being young.
Today it is fashionable to speak about teenage problems. A few years ago alcohol, fights,
killings and other kinds of violence were more problems for adults than for young people.
But now, as official reports admit, violence, AIDS, drugs and alcohol are more and more
associated with youngsters. For many children from poor families, violence, drinking
problems and all that is associated with poverty becomes more real than reality.
The government’s surveys show that every fifth teenager who was arrested for criminal
actions, was younger than 14 and could not be sent to prison. Almost half of the teenagers
have experience with drugs, alcohol and sex under age 16. A lot of teenagers who have drug
or alcohol addiction almost never believe that they are dependent. These things are often
combined with family and school problems. What makes young people do these things? What is
done by society to protect youth or help them?
To these and some other questions we’ll try to answer today.
Speaker 3: Everyone has rights, including you. To protect children’s rights the
United Nations has worked out an international agreement called the United Nations
Convention on the Rights of the Child. According to this Convention: all children have the
right to non-discrimination (Article 2); All children have the right to life
(Article 6); All children have the right to name and nationality at birth
(Article 7); Children have the right to express their views (Article 12);
Children have the right to meet other people (Article 15); Children have the right to
privacy (Article 16); Children have the right to information (Article 17);
Children have the right to protection (Article 19, 32); Disabled children have
the right to take a full and active part in everyday life (Article 23); Children have
the right to health and health care (Article 24); Children have the right to
education and development (Article 28, 29); Children have the right to leisure
Speaker 4: In my speech I’ll try to explain some rights given by the UN
Convention for young people. What are all these rights about?
1) The right to name and nationality at birth means that all children must get a name when
they are born and become a citizen of a particular country.
2) The right to express their views means that children can say what they think. What they
say must be listened to carefully.
3) The right to education and development means that children should have the best chance
to develop their abilities. Every child can go to school. Different kinds of secondary
schools should be available for children. Schools should help children develop their
skills, teach them about their own and people’s rights and prepare for adult life.
4) The right for disabled children to take a full and active part in everyday life means
that such children must be helped to be as independent as possible.
5) The right to non-discrimination means that children can join organisations, take part
in meetings and peaceful demonstrations which do not affect other people’s rights. All
children should have the rights whatever their race, sex, religion, language, disability,
opinion or family background.
6) The right to health and health care means that all children should have a chance to
live in a safe and unpolluted environment with good food and clean drinking water. The
government must give children good medical care and try to reduce the number of deaths in
7) The right to protection means that the government should protect children from harm,
cruelty, abuse and dangerous drugs.
Can rights and laws be different in different countries? I’m 16 now;
but I have no right to drive a car. Why can teens of my age drive a car in other
Speaker 5: Most age rights and laws in the United States are
similar to those in other countries. But many of them can differ from one state to
another. Different places can have different laws about driving, drinking alcohol,
smoking, and so on. In most the legal driving age is 16 or 18. But in some communities,
teenagers with driving rights can drive alone after the age of 14 or 15, but only in the
daytime. Some Americans think that it isn’t reasonable, because teenagers are too young.
Another example: most people know that states in the US have different laws about the
legal drinking age. In most states no one under 21 can buy alcohol in public. Some people
put the can in a paper bag and drink; nobody can see the beer, but still it is not legal.
What laws and age limits are there in Great Britain?
Speaker 6: The British Government joined the UN Convention on
the Rights of the Child in 1991 and worked out some documents with age limits for some
activities for British children.
You can leave school. But you are entitled to receive full-time education until you are
The law permits you to work full-time, if you have left school.
You can leave home without your parents’ consent.
You can apply for your own passport.
You can buy cigarettes. The law allows a young person to smoke at any age.
You can buy liqueur chocolate.
You have to pay full ticket on trains and on buses and the Tube in London.
You can marry if your parents permit you to do it.
You can get a license to drive a car and ride a motorbike.
Girls can join the army.
You can buy any firearm (guns or ammunition).
You are an adult. You do not need your parents’ permission for anything. You can get
married, vote, borrow money and drink alcohol.
What can you tell us about the rights of children in our country. Do
they need any protection?
Speaker 7: According to mass media reports the life of teenagers
in Russia has changed greatly over the last ten years. The experts admit that the crimes
being done by teens have increased 17% since 1991. Every 10th crime is done by teenagers.
In 1997 about 170,000 teenagers were put into prison. 34,000 teenagers were under 14. The
government’s surveys show that 60% of teenagers used drugs for the first time. There are
2,000 disabled children, only 923,000 of them attend kindergartens and schools. There are
453,000 children in children’s homes; 90% of them do not have parents. The rights of
Russian children are supported by the UN Convention and guaranteed by the Constitution.
But still there are a lot of problems.
Speaker 8: What has gone wrong? Some specialists explain that the changes of our
society, the system of our life, force young people to choose their own lifestyle. On the
one hand, our society agrees that 15-17 year-old people are old enough to be responsible
for what they do and give them quite a lot of freedom and rights. On the other hand, most
adults think that teenagers are too young to be taken seriously. This misunderstanding
produces many problems. Actually, a lot of teenagers say that their parents let them do
anything they want and are quite indifferent to their problems. Many teenagers get upset
or depressed when they can’t solve their problems. As a result, it makes them believe
that there is only one way out – to stop living and commit suicide. No doubt, teen
problems will increase. But young people should feel that they are cared for.
Teacher: Let’s make the conclusion of our conversation.
Everybody says youth is probably the best time of life; that being young means romance,
love, new discoveries and so on. But it is the most difficult time because you have to
make some very important decisions which will influence all your future life.
Things are not easy nowadays even for adults; but for teenagers who have to find their own
place in society, it’s very difficult. It is necessary not only to adapt to your
society, but also to be confident about your position in life.
In planning your future you have to think about many problems and the ways to overcome
them. It is not an easy matter. You should know your rights and duties.
I wish you to know what to do in every difficult situation. Be ready to help people around
you, be kind, patient and thoughtful.
I wish you good luck.
Л. Г. Кислицына,
школа № 1941, г. Москва